The Thirteenth IHP Training Course
(International Hydrological Programme)

Effects of Pollutants
on Atmospheric

7-20 March, 2004
Nagoya, and Tokyo, Japan

Working Group for IHP Training Course,
Sub-committee for IHP,
Japanese National Commission for UNESCO



  As a part of the Japanese contribution to the International Hydrological Programme (IHP), a short course for participants from the Asia-Pacific region is going to be conducted on Effects of Pollutants on Atmospheric Environment, from 7 to 20 March, 2004, at Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center and Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan. The course includes a series of lectures in English, practice sessions and technical tours to Department of Ecological Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Center for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo, the Earth Simulator Center, Japan Marine Science and Technology Center (JAMSTEC), the Earth Observation Research Center, National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) and Atmospheric Environmental Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies concerned with atmospheric environmental studies.


The general aim of the 13th IHP short course is to help participants to develop their basic knowledge of the effect of air-pollutants on the atmospheric environments and climate changes and to contribute to solve current global environmental problems. Anthropogenic pollutants affect atmospheric environment such as the formation of clouds and precipitation, the Earth's radiative balance, the quality of precipitation water and the ecosystem. In the East Asia region, international projects of Asian Pacific Regional Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-Asia) and Asian Atmospheric Particle Environment Change Studies (APEX) are now being put into practice to understand the multiphase atmospheric chemical system and to solve radiative forcing due to anthropogenic aerosols over the Asian Pacific regions. To cope with the atmospheric environmental problem, basic understanding of physical and chemical nature of gases and aerosol particles, and their effect on microphysical, chemical and optical properties of clouds are required.

The course will be focused to two major subjects. First is to examine gases, aerosol particles and clouds with direct aircraft/ground observations and lidar/satellite observations. Second is to study the effect of anthropogenic pollutants on atmospheric environments with mathematical modeling and simulation. The lectures and practices would be conducted in Nagoya University and Toyohashi University of Technology.

Course Contents

(convenors: Y. Ishizaka and T. Kitada)


H. Fukushima (School of High-Technology for Human Welfare, Tokai University)

S. Hatakeyama (Atmospheric Environmental Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

Y. Ishizaka (Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University)

Y. Iwasaka (Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

T. Kitada (Department of Ecological Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology)

N. Sugimoto (Atmospheric Environmental Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies)

A. Sumi (Center for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo)


L1 Introduction................................................................................... Y. Ishizaka

Guidance and outline of this IHP short course

L2 Basics on Transport Processes of Air-Pollutant and their Modeling in the Atmosphere....... T. Kitada

Basic equations of advection/diffusion/deposition of air-pollutants in the atmosphere
Gaussian plume/puff models, and numerical models for transport of air-pollutants in the atmosphere

L3 Basics of Gases and Aerosol Particles..............................Y. Ishizaka

Basic knowledge of gases and aerosol particles
Physical properties of aerosol particles
Chemical properties of aerosol particles
Removal of aerosols from the troposphere

L4 Long-range Transport of Air-pollutants in the East Asian Pacific Rim Region.................S. Hatakeyama

Aircraft observation of gases in the East Asia
Trajectory analysis
Long-range transport of air-pollutants in the East Asia

L5 Observation of Aerosol Particles in the East Asia using Lidars...............N. Sugimoto

Principles of lidar remote sensing
Observation of aerosol particles with lidars
Network monitoring of aerosol particles in the East Asia

L6 Observation of Aerosol Particles in the East Asia using Satellites and
their Radiative Forcing..............
H. Fukushima

Principles of satellite remote sensing
Observation of aerosol particles in the East Asia
Direct effect of aerosol particles and their radiative forcing

L7 Nature and Behaviors of Aerosol Particles in the Atmosphere.........................Y. Iwasaka

Nature of aerosol particles in the atmosphere
Vertical and horizontal distribution of aerosol particles
Emission and transport of yellow dusts
Optical properties of aerosol particles in the atmosphere
Atmospheric aerosols and global material cycles

L8 Effect of Air-Pollutants on Microphysical Properties of Clouds............................Y. Ishizaka

Relationship between air-pollutants and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN)
Effect of CCN on microphysical properties of clouds
Condensation efficiency of clouds in the East Asia
Indirect effects of aerosol particles on the Earth's radiative balance

L9 Comprehensive Modeling of Transport/Chemistry/Deposition, and its Use for
Evaluation of the Effect of Air-Pollutants on Air Quality, Water Quality and Ecology.............................
T. Kitada

Semi-global scale transport/chemistry/deposition model
Simulation-derived air-pollution characteristics in both coastal and mountainous areas
Dynamics of ozone, and nitrogen/sulfur-compounds in local flows
Spatial distributions of the deposition of nitrogen, sulfur and other compounds
Evaluating effect of high ozone concentration and acidic deposition on plant growth

L10 Human Activity and Climate Change.......................A. Sumi

Introduction: History of Numerical Weather Predicition (NWP) and General Circulation Model (GCM)
Dynamics for NWP and GCM
Numerical Methods for NWP and GCM
Application of Models: Global warming and seasonal forecasting


P1 Measurement and Analysis of Gases and Aerosol Particles.................................Y. Iwasaka

Measurement of gases and aerosol particles
Analysis of gases and aerosol particles
Practice of measurement and analysis of gases and aerosol particles

P2 Measurement of Cloud Condensation Nuclei and Cloud Particles.............................Y. Ishizaka

Measurement of cloud condensation nuclei
Measurement of cloud particles
Practice on relative humidity dependence experiment of aerosol particles

P3 Computer Simulation of Transport of Pollutants in the Atmosphere.................................G. Kurata

Basis of FORTRAN and numerical method
Calculation of Gaussian plume/puff models
Numerical simulation of transport/deposition equation

Technical Tours

T1 Center for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo.................................A. Sumi
Visit to Center for Climate System Research for global circulation modeling and climate change studies
T2 The Earth Simulator Center, JAMSTEC Earth Observation Research Center, NASDA............... A. Sumi
Visit to Center for The Earth Simulator Center and Earth Observation Research Center for atmospheric and oceanic simulation and satellite earth observation
T3 Atmospheric Environmental Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies
S. Hatakeyama and N. Sugimoto
Visit to National Institute for Environmental Studies for Network Monitoring Systems and Chemical Weather Forecasting System to examine air-pollutants in the East Asia region and other experimental facilities


(7- 20 March, 2004)
Mar. 2004
Arrival at Nagoya Airport Stay in Nagoya
08 (Monday) Guidance, Chapters 1 & 2, Reception at HyARC Nagoya University Stay in Nagoya
09 (Tuesday) Lectures 3 & 4 Stay in Nagoya
10 (Wednesday) Lectures 5 & 6 Stay in Nagoya
11 (Thursday) Lectures 7 & Practice 1 Stay in Nagoya
12 (Friday) Lectures 8 & 9 Stay in Nagoya
13 (Saturday) Lectures 10 & Practice 2 Stay in Nagoya
14 (Sunday) Japanese culture introduction and Free time Stay in Nagoya
15 (Monday) Practice 3 Stay in Toyohashi
16 (Tuesday) Technical Tour 1 Stay in Tokyo
17 (Wednesday) Technical Tour 2 Stay in Tokyo
18 (Thursday) Technical Tour 3 Stay in Tsukuba
19 (Friday) Technical Tour 3 and Closing Ceremony Stay in Tokyo
20 (Saturday) Departure from Narita Airport   


  The trainees from the Asia-Pacific region are selected and recommended by the Regional Office for Science and Technology, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The UNESCO Jakarta Office would be in charge for the selection and the recommendation of the participants. Successful candidates would be supported financially by UNESCO for his/her travel as well as per diem in Japan. Those who wish to participate are requested to contact the UNESCO Jakarta Office at the following address..

Programme Specialist in Hydrological Sciences
UNESCO Jakarta Office
Jalan Galuh (II), No.5
Kebayoran Baru
Jakarta Selatan 12110, Indonesia
P. O. Box 1273/JKT
Tel: +62-21-739 9818
Fax: +62-21-7279 6489

 Additional trainees may be allowed to participate at their own expense. They should contact the Secretary of the IHP Training Course, whose contact address is given as the last of this brochure. The recommendations from the national UNESCO committees in their countries are highly desirable.

Information for participants for travel in Japan

 Climate of March in Japan


    Daily maximum temperature: 13.0 degrees celsius

    Daily minimum temperature : 2.9      


    Daily maximum temperature: 12.7

    Daily minimum temperature : 4.4


    Japanese only. Few people speak good English, but many people understand simple English words.

    You can see many English notice boards in the public traffic system (railway and subway).


    Japanese Yen (\) only.

Important web sites

    Nagoya Airport (including detail bus timetable):

    Nagoya University:

    Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center (HyARC), Nagoya Univ.:

    Toyohashi University of Technology:

    Center for Climate System Research (CCSR), Univ. of Tokyo.:

    The Earth Simulator Center, JAMSTEC:

    Earth Observation Research Center, NASDA:

    Atmospheric Environmental Division, National Institute for Environmental Studies:

For more details...

    Please contact with the temporary office of the 13th IHP training course: (Yutaka Ishizaka)


Map around Motoyama Subway Station

Forthcoming IHP Training Course

2004 Course: Hydrology in Asia

Currently, many countries in Asia and Pacific regions have taken off or are being taking off in an economical sense, and the environmental problems have been wider and more complicated. After recognizing the current environmental problems/issues in each country and also internationally, we would like to review the newest scientific bases for hydrology and the latest techniques to cope with the problems relevant to Asia and Pacific regions. In addition to the above, we should summarize and evaluate the past training courses. After that, we would like to discuss the future way of the training course. The course would include lectures on hydrology in Asia.

The course will be held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia under the auspice of the Humid Tropics Centre, Malaysia.

The IHP Training Course is financially supported by a Trust Fund for UNESCO from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japanese Government.

Address for inquiries: Y. Ishizaka, Secretary of the IHP Training Course,
Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center,
Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8601 Japan
Tel: +81-52-789-3485
Fax: +81-52-789-3436
13th IHP Training Course URL:

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